Zeitpunkte are being created
in Innsbruck for people who were murdered under the Nazi regime
für Hugo Mungenast

Am 27. Februar 2024 wurde
dieser Zeitpunkt vor der Adresse Purnhofweg 12
angebracht. Die Initiative dafür ging von erinnern:at aus.

Born 31.8.1904 in Sulz (Vorarlberg)
Died 11.1.1940 in the Mauthausen concentration camp

The Nazi authorities persecuted the labourer Hugo Mungenast – Catholic, married, no children – because he was Yenish. The Yenish people in Tyrol, disparagingly called “Kar(r)ner” (literally, people who lived in carts), spent time on the road in order to sell their products. The National Socialists described them as “rabble resembling gypsies and travelling around after the manner of gypsies”, as racially inferior, work-shy and asocial, and they were generally persecuted under the pretext of “preventive crime control”.

In June 1938, the Gestapo and the criminal police carried out raids all over Germany in the framework of a campaign called “Arbeitsscheu Reich” (Work-shy Reich). 9,500 individuals were taken into preventive police custody and deported to concentration camps. In the diction of the National Socialists, the victims were “gypsies and persons travelling around after the manner of gypsies who show no willingness to perform regular work or have committed a criminal offence”.

On 24 June 1938 Hugo Mungenast was deported to Dachau concentration camp as a “Reich compulsory labour prisoner” and on 27 September 1939 to Mauthausen, where he died on 11 January 1940. Hugo’s brother Peter Mungenast was killed in the Pirna-Sonnenstein Euthanasia Centre on 15 July 1941. After time spent in the Mauthausen, Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps, he was unfit for work and was therefore gassed.

Schreiber, Horst: Die Jenischen im Nationalsozialismus, in: Michael Haupt/Edith Hessenberger (Hg.): Fahrend? Um die Ötztaler Alpen. Aspekte jenischer Geschichte in Tirol, Innsbruck-Wien 2021, pp. 125-155, here pp. 148-151.